|WE BOAST A GREAT EXPERIENCE IN THE TOURIST FIELD|
|UNIQUE & INNOVATIVE ITINERARIES OFFERED|
|GUARANTEED NO STANDING-IN-LINE TO SEE THE MUST-SEE ATTRACTIONS OF POMPEII|
This tour includes an archaeological English-speaking guide at your disposal (private - only for you) for 2 hours
ENTRANCE FEES ARE NOT INCLUDED
Meeting with the Guide by the entrance of Porta Marina Superiore to start this 2-hour Tour at the discovery of one of the greatest archaeological wonders of the world. After lying dormant for centuries, Mt Vesuvius, a 1,281-metre-high volcano, erupted in AD 79, forming a deadly cloud of ash, gas and stones that rose up to 20 miles high, blocked out the light from the sun. The nearby city of Pompeii was in its shadow.
In 62 AD, 17 years before the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, a violent earthquake struck Pompeii doing significant damage to buildings.
No doubt that death toll in Pompeii was very high, but most remarkable was the great damage to buildings, the houses and the temples of the city. Thanks to its thriving economy and the contribution of patrons with political ambitions, Pompeii soon began to repair the earthquake damage. Then, on 24 August 79 A.D., it came the great eruption of Vesuvius that destroyed the city and terrorized its inhabitants. Mount Vesuvius had been regarded until then as a normal and peaceful mountain covered with lush vegetation. When the eruption of Mt Vesuvius took place, the reconstruction work was not yet complete and it is shown by the traces of work in progress that have been found during the archaeological excavations.
The fall of volcanic material lasted three days and two nights, during which frequent earthquakes brought down the remaining buildings still standing and thus giving little chance of salvation to the inhabitants of the city (which according to some estimates had to be about three thousand). A few days after the disaster an imperial commission of senators arrived at the Vesuvius area to estimate the damage and organizing assistance to the population. The territory from Naples up to the city of Stabia, appeared covered by a layer of dark material. There were no more houses, roads, trees. The commission asked the emperor Titus to take action to repair the damage. In the year 80 AD, the emperor personally went to the areas affected by the eruption and decided not to take any action to recover the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were now irrevocably destroyed.
In 106 AD, the historian Tacitus wrote his Histories (Historiae) and there he published the letters of Pliny the Younger, who was an eyewitness of the tragedy. The emperor Marcus Aurelius in one of his writings cited the tragic fate of the city of Pompeii as an example of the frailty and precariousness of life. But it was only in XVI century, during some excavation work for the construction of a canal in the valley of Sarno river, that were brought to light some ancient buildings with decorations on the walls in an area known as Civita Hill (Collina di Civita). That was the beginning of the rediscovery of Pompeii, while the actual excavations in the area began in 1748 under the reign of Charles of Bourbon.
Today you have the chance to enjoy a real journey to Pompeii ruins. Pompeii is one of the largest archaeological sites in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visit the Pompeii ruins on foot for approximately two hours with an English-speaking archaeological guide and discover the mosaic floors, sculptures, frescoes and architecture of the ancient Pompeii, the everyday life that took place there and the habits and customs of the Roman Empire. Mount Vesuvius erupted at about midday and death was not instant in Pompeii. In fact many inhabitants fled, grabbing what possessions they could. While excavations are still going on (in all, two-thirds of Pompeii has been uncovered), the treasures waiting for you are numerous.