This tour includes an archaeological English-speaking guide at your disposal for 5 ½ hours (5 hours of visit + 30 minutes for a sandwich) - The tour guide will be private (only for you).
Meeting with your private English-speaking guide by the entrance of Porta Marina Superiore. This is a private 5-hour tour of Pompeii ruins with a professional English-speaking guide.
This tour is the best choice for the visitor who wants to take a deep immersion into the great treasures that Pompeii has to offer and into its history.
The Bay of Naples was appreciated in Roman times for its warm climate and fertile land, called Campania Felix – Prosperous Land. Pompeii was a bustling urban centre, with well-developed political and social scene. The roads were lined with houses, which often had shops built into them: these opened directly onto the streets.
But its frenetic life was suddenly stopped by a strong earthquake in 62 A.D., that produced extensive damage, and restorations were still in progress when the eruption of 79 A.D. ended the long history of the city. The Roman scholars and writers were aware of the seismic events typical of the territory, but the residents of Pompeii and the nearby towns did not link such regular earth tremors or the serious earthquake in AD 62-63 with seismic activity from the dormant volcano. Actually, the ancients, and of course the Romans, had no idea of what a volcano was. In addition, the last eruption of Mount Vesuvius had taken place before Pompeii was founded in the VII century BC. So they were totally unprepared for what was about to happen.
On August 24, 79 A.D. Pompeii died: that day, Mount Vesuvius suddenly erupted a huge amount of ash and gas that destroyed and buried the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis. The explosion was scary as evidenced by a document of exceptional value, represented by two letters where Pliny the Younger described the different phases of that eruption. When the eruption began, Pliny was in Campania with his famous uncle, the naturalist Pliny the Elder, commander of the Roman fleet stationed at Misenum. Pliny the Elder lost his life during the eruption and the historian Tacitus, who was writing the Annales (history of the Roman Empire in I century AD), asked his nephew to describe the events. From here the famous two letters where he tells how Pliny the Elder decided to embark to observe the eruptive phenomenon more closely and to rescue as many people as possible who were stranded in the area affected by those “strange” phenomena. This act cost him his life. These letters are an impressive and scientifically relevant document; the description of Pliny the Younger is used by volcanologists to try to understand the various stages of that eruption. For that reason, today this type of eruption is called Plinian eruption.
The pyroclastic materials began to accumulate rapidly in the streets, in the courts and on the roofs of buildings. Many people who had remained in the city, were trapped in the buildings because of the piles of pumice stones that blocked the doors and windows. Others died in the collapse of the roofs. At dawn the next day, the increased volcanic activity produced gas clouds that poured out of Pompeii killing those who had not departed on time.
The excavations at Pompeii still represent one of the cornerstones for our knowledge of the ancient Roman world: shops, houses, buildings of an ancient town in fact still show today most of their pictorial decorations and furniture.
Do not forget to take with you your identity card o passport for the free admission (for all visitors under 18) or for half price of the entrance fee (for EU citizens between the ages of 18 and 25).